Mandating effective treatment for drug offenders
In some counties, judges engaged in some circumvention of the law, suggesting possible local-level differences in buy-in among courtroom actors; such circumvention was also focused on offenders with more serious criminal histories, indicating judicial-level evaluations of offender amenability to treatment.
While SB 123 offenders received the treatment they were assessed to need, the provision of treatment remained heavily concentrated in a few providers, increasing disparities in access to treatment and making the success of the program highly dependant on a small number of institutional actors.
Over the past 20 years in the United States there has been a trend toward changing criminal justice policy to provide treatment as an alternative to incarceration for nonviolent drug offenders.
Two main models have emerged that are aimed at effecting this change.
It has had a much greater impact on the total system of offenders than Drug Court that often serves only a small number of offenders.
However, the Drug Court model showed greater success at producing higher rates of treatment completion and lower recidivism.
To examine the varying effectiveness of the Drug Court model compared to other criminal justice related models for treating substance abusing offenders measured in terms of participant completion rates, criminal recidivism and cost; and 2.
Results showed that the state mandated treatment in California (SACPA) succeeded in reaching a large number of eligible offenders and offered treatment for their substance use issues instead of incarceration.
This behavior is usually not addressed until it escalates into a violent act of rape, sodomy, or sexual homicide.
This flaw in the status quo manifests itself in the estimated 700,000 women who are raped or sexually assaulted in the United States each year.
One model is Drug Court; the other is statewide policy reformation, mandating treatment for all nonviolent drug offenders.
The overall purposes of this study were twofold: 1.